This degree thesis examines the images on Austrian paper money during the interwar period. Banknotes fulfil important tasks in our everyday life, we have always to deal with them. They are usually printed with pictures. The images gain in importance by positioning on this important papers and depicting aspects of the collective awareness of a society. In the first half of the 20th century Austria was influenced by the world wars, they and their consequences were part of everyday life of the people. Altogether we can call it a very instable situation. One chapter of this text concerns to the cultural awareness in so-called "Restösterreich" and the later "Ständestaat". The artists, which drafted the pictures, were imbedded in this systems. Certainly they have been well-established and state-accepted. A characteristic of the Austrian Banknotes in the inter-war period is the frequent use of female beauties. This practice dates back to the time before 1918, sometimes even the pictures were taken. The women are dominant and powerful, they are positioned on a pedestal and look down to the viewer. They seem unattainable. But why mistresses were chosen as a motive for the imaging of banknotes? This images dont correspond to the idea of women as disadvantaged group in a patriarchal society. At first they wear antic-like clothing and attributes, they remember to Hellenistic goddesses. A change happened, olive branches and laurel wreaths are replaced by oak leaves and edelweiss. And the clothes remember increasingly to alpine dressings. But the dominant appearance does not change. What may mean this fact? That is the most important question in this text.