Mercenary armies are one of the oldest businesses. Which role have women played in this field? The first records of women and war are the Amazon armies. Afterwards, emperor Maximilian I. discovered in the 90s of the 15th century the ancient mercenary armies and started to reanimate this field. Women contribute a lot: The active participation was refused, the only possibility to fight was "cross dressing" ? the assumption of an male identity. Women took occupations as provider, nurse, administrator or prostitute. If women start to fight for their rights and for equal treatment, first time during French Revolution, this demand gets nipped in the bud by the male citizens. With the rise of European national states and the introduction of general conscription, mercenary armies completely vanish in Europe. In the First and Second World War women play important roles. The first state, that obligates women for their army, was Israel. Of the symbolic meaning of an Amazones army, the ex-dictator Gaddafi took advantage from. Nowadays private military enterprises wage wars. For women, the entry is not denied generally. The case of Lynndie England makes it popular for the first time that not only men are up to outrages in wars, but women are able to torture as well. Famous women, that intend into war bravely, have always existed. The Amazon armies in the ancient world have not been personalised, this happened a few hundred years later the first time with Jeanne d?Arc. Afterwards, the market-women and the prostitutes in the lansquenet armies of Maximilian I. participate in the 30-years War, during French Revolution, the first suffragettes around Olympe de Gouges raised. Female soldiers participated as well in the global wars of the 20th century and the colonial liberation wars. Today the female gender and military as well as wearing a weapon for women is no longer an antagonism, but women do not receive the kind of reputation, their male counterparts do.