The aim of this thesis is to look at the following three main questions: How does the structure of Austrian sports look like? How are sports organized in other countries? How can we restructure our sports system and make the funding of sports more effective and more efficient? Those questions were answered through web and literature research. In Austria, the provinces are responsible for sports. To ensure self-administration, our sports are organized by clubs. The sports structure is divided in three areas: governmental, nongovernmental and mixed. The ministry of defence and sports is responsible in the governmental area. The National sports organisation is responsible in the nongovernmental area. The three umbrella organisations, the initiative Fit for Austria and the funds healthy Austria are taking care of most the sports. The ministry of defence and sports, the Team Rot-Weiss-Rot, the sports aid, various sport pools and other professional associations are responsible for high performance sports. The sports funding law of 2013, which divides the funding into funding for general support and funding for projects, serves to establish a transparent and goal-oriented funding system. The distinguishing features of the various sports structures are sports bureaucracy, the entrepreneurial model, the model of honorary offices and the social model. Other countries have leaner models and the responsibility for high performance sports is given to private enterprise, or they have performance criteria, which help to distribute the funds. There are various reasons for sports funding. Because of public interests and directives for the budgets, a rethinking of the funding of sports is needed. To make the funding of sports more efficient and more effective, we need to merge the institutions, cooperate with private enterprise and educational institutions and we also need subject-oriented funding, more competition and a career management plan for top athletes.