Over the years there has been an ongoing debate regarding the unveiling of Muslim women. The Master Thesis "veiled gaze"? The ?Western-European? headscarf debate from a legal and socio-political point of view focuses on the question why "Western-European" society views the unveiling of Muslim women in such a strong way and points out arguments that are central to the discussion. By analyzing legislative texts and trials (especially concerning Germany and France), these essential topics have been worked out and furthermore discussed with regard to their importance for the devise of identity within the "Western-European" society. As important aspects, the following five points have been concluded; Firstly, the self-defining of the "Western-European" society as a modern and secular society in contrast to a backward and oppressive "Muslim culture". In this context the orientalism-occidentalism debate is picked up. Secondly, the emphasis on Christian values, human rights and so called occidental culture of the "Western-European" society in order to devise its identity. Thirdly, the point that the "Western-European" society defines itself as emancipated, modern and civilized in contrast to a patriarchal and oppressive oriental society. Fourthly, it can also be observed, of a "Western-Europe" self-defining as a modern and secular society. Last but not least, there are political arguments that devise forms of Muslim veiling as a symbol for fundamentalist Islamism. Findings generally support the hypotheses that the debate regarding the unveiling of Muslim women is significant for the construction of the identity of "Western-European" society.