In this thesis the question of the effects of people migrating within a short timeframe was researched. In order to answer this question, the effects of identifying with a nationality were also researched. The first chapter explains, theoretically, the commemorative culture of a generation and the problems they face through interviews and the statements received from these interviews. The focus lies on the questions: What was the interviewer?s identity, and how were terms like "war children" or "German" problematic for their own identification?The second chapter focuses on the history of events in the small region of the Gottschee. Although the period of colonization in the middle ages was researched, the 19th and 20th centuries are emphasized with a more detailed focus on the time surrounding World War II.The third chapter revolves on three people who agreed to share their subjective memories and views from World War II. Their statements actually challenge the traditional sources found in popular literature. Politically active people leave more of these sources, and therefore are more disproportionally mentioned in the history of events. This chapter also centers on the identity and interpretations of a nationality. However, this emphasis also varies between the statements and the literature. The interviewees themselves don?t see a difference between the peoples except for the language. Independent of whether the person speaks Gottschee or Slovene, the bonding between neighbors never diminished.