In 2009 the global financial and economic crises resulted in one of the most severe recession of the Second Austrian Republic. The general government deficit according to the Maastricht definition reached in 2009 the value of ? 11,3 billions (=4,1% of the GDP). The same holds for the federal and provincial (Länder) levels, where the budget deficit according to the Maastricht definition amounted to around 0,7% of the total GDP in 2009. Against this background, the first part of the paper provides a closer insight into the institutional framework at national-regional level and at European level. Therefore, the paper discusses at national-regional level the Austrian system of financial equalisation, the Austrian tax reform of 2009 and the structure of the federal budget. At European level, the paper takes a glimpse at the Stability and Growth Pact and the Fiscal Pact. Keeping this institutional framework in mind, the question arises to which amount the budgetary policy determines the income and the expenditure of the regional budget. Therefore, the paper concentrates on the budget situation of Styria in the time frame between 2008 and 2014. Based on the analyses of the budget estimations and the statement of accounts for the years from 2008 to 2014, the main categories of income and of expenditure of the Styrian budget are identified. The paper additionally takes a closer look at the budgetary development before and after the Styrian federal elections in September 2010 and points out the major differences in the income and expenditure developments before and after the elections. Consequently, the paper?s aim is to outline the federal-specific income and expenditure scope of budgetary design options.