In all autobiographies of Austrian Jewish refugees before, during, or after World War II, the topic of undergoing a certain personal change, of destroyed or altered identity, and the notion of alienation, homesickness, and uprootedness plays an important role. Many of these autobiographers not only lost their family members to the Nazis, but also quite literally their Austrian identity. All of a sudden their mother tongue was the language of the enemy, for example.In my dissertation I focus on how the respective autobiographer processes the loss of his or her old identity and the challenges of finding a new one in America literarily. That is to say: Which literary methods does the autobiographer use, which aspects does he or she emphasize or accentuate, which does he or she omit. My dissertation is also comprised by a theoretic chapter which defines the terms "identity" and "autobiography" as a basic framework for the ensuing analysis of my case studies.Two autobiographies are the center of my analysis. The first one is Runaway Waltz by Frederic Morton, an Austrian Jew who managed to escape before the outbreak of the war. The second autobiography is Ruth Klüger's weiter leben. Eine Jugend which describes the autobiographer's survival in different concentration camps and her life after the war in the US. In my dissertation I not only point out which problems and identity crises the authors expand on, I mostly analyze the literary means they use to do so. My literary analysis also turns its attention to the autobiographer's use of innovative methods, such as referring to himself or herself in the third person, communicating on a meta-level about the difficult process of writing down memories, stressing the fact that these memories are prone to falsification, engaging the reader in a fictitious conversation, or jumping back and forth in time.