The diploma thesis deals with the changes of the Austrian Food Law from the year 2006. This changes were inevitable, because of the regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Union. Therefore a new law (Law Safety and Customer Protection Act) was issued. At the beginging there will be a description of the main European Food Law. Afterwards there will be an explanation of the new Food Law and a legal comparison between the old and the new Austrian Food Law. At the end we will take a look at the criminal offences for the Food Law, which will either be pursued by the court or the administration organ.