The mentor figure in the work of Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt The current study of the topic mentor and mentoring come all from the economic area and the support of kids and adolescents. The origins of the mentoring-thought are however, literary. The word mentor was first used in Homers epic poem The Odyssey. There, Mentor is a good friend of Ulysses, who takes care of Ulysses? son Telemachos in his absence. However, most of the time it is Pallas Athene, the Greek goddess of wisdom, disguised as Mentor who leads, instructs and protects Telemachos. In the 18th century the topic was taken up again and extended by Fénelon. In his work Les Aventures de Télemaque Mentor, disguised as Minerva, and Telemachos play the main part. Fénelon has strongly influenced the current mentor image, a lot of qualities and behaviours of his mentor are still on the list of a mentor?s must have. The available thesis tries now to examine the mentor figure in four chosen works of Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt (Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleur du Coran (2001), Oscar et la dame rose (2002), L?enfant de Noé (2004), Le sumo qui ne pouvait pas grossir (2009)), against the background of the current theories concerning mentoring and its literary origins. In a first step the mentor figures will be analysed. What are their names? What do they look like? What kind of work are they doing? Where do they live? What are their beliefs? Afterwards the relationship between mentor and mentee becomes the centre of attention. How did the relationship come into being? Through which phases did it go? Which roles and tasks does the mentor assume? Finally, similarities between the four mentor figures will be considered and it will be compared, in which way the literary mentors are oriented towards their real counterparts.