Research is the foundation for progress of modern society. Not only technical development has simplified everyday life, but also medical one.The increase of the average life expectancy, the curability of so far lethal diseases and the increasing efficiency of reproductive medicine are just examples for the fruitful results of medical research.Critics state, that an attainment of these unquestionably justified goals, inevitably requires to exceed the bounds of morality. For example, the rights of subjects are consciously flouted and results are abused for military purposes. Our current system favors abuse, as ethics only serves as a voluntary guideline. Therefore, the legislator is due to lay down moral values by law, unless it contradicts fundamental human right.Well-known examples like the medical reproduction act, animal experiment act, the pharmaceutical product and medical device act, the genetic engineering act, medical institution act and finally the universities act 2002 show, that this is definitely not an easy task. On the one hand, the legislator has to protect affected subjects from unreasonable hardships, on the other hand he is supposed to maintain the fundamental law of freedom of research (Art 17 StGG). So far, much has been unregulated and therefore open for juridical interpretation.A lack of legal regulation, however, is not acceptable in a state founded on the rule of law. Therefore the author pleads for a complete codification with special regard to the convention on human rights and biomedicine, as it is laid down by the Council of Europe.This means to create a universal research norm, including existing rules as well as so-far unregulated areas, plus to extinguish so-far unlawful passages (see FMedG).