Insanity as a psychological problem established itself as a widely discussed topic in German literature in the 1970s. A great number of subjective self-portraits display the relation between emotional poverty and repression in society. The present Master?s thesis seeks to discuss the interdependency of the authoritarian society and the distorted insides of the affected authors against the background of their literary production. Both less experienced and renowned authors of the mentioned era are representative for a literary generation that, due to societal restraints, plunge into madness and very often collapse as a final consequence. In the first place, the theoretical part will provide an overview of changes in the dealings with lunacy from Renaissance to modern times on the basis of works from Michel Foucault and Klaus Dörner. These widely acclaimed publications of the 1960s will be used as elementary works to explain the discontinuity in therapy of patients with mental disorders. Additionally, German concepts of madness will be taken into account for retracing the postulated grief for life and the disorientation of the 70s. In the second place, I will interpret literary works of six German authors who underline insanity as a result of the suppression of society and thereby draw attention to their own personal story and their suffering. All of these works are characterized by autobiographical references and thus give an understanding of the correlation of the author?s psychological constitution, the repressive system and the mostly irrevocable attempt to plunge into insanity for gaining personal freedom.