This diploma thesis investigates the significance and depiction of the Battle of Kulikovo. This national myth, which demonstrates the collective memory of the Russian nation, will be analyzed using different media. Memorial phenomena include holidays and rituals, visual media, literature and music. Collective figures build up the collective memory and are therefore of great importance. A nation needs collective figures such as places, rituals, symbols and persons, for example.The 630-year ceremony 2010 and the song Kulikovo pole from ?anna Bi?evskaja show that the myth is still relevant for the Russian nation. This myth is deeply embedded in its collective memory and demonstrates national unity. All the analyzed types of media share the same features: They create identity by using collective figures. Thus, a collective memory is developed and the continuity of the nationhood is ensured.The Old Russian literary works Zadon??ina and Skazanie o Mamaevom poboi??e demonstrate the beginning of the mythologization and the collective figures of the Battle of Kulikovo. Russian history is based on facts of Old Russian literature and the myth of the Kulikovo field can be termed the founding myth of the Russian State.The primary focus of the analysis is on Blok?s poem collection Rodina, but short lyrical works of Pu?kin and Achmatova will also be analyzed. The mentioned authors have something in common: They love and admire their home country Russia, which they convey to the nation. The different modes of memory build up a collective identity. Regarding the medium film, this thesis deals with three productions: the cartoon Lebedi Neprjadvy, the documentary Bitva na pole Kulikovom and the feature film Russkaja simfonija. All these films create identity by using the myth of the Battle of Kulikovo. They are responsible for forming the collective memory and collective figures, which makes intertextuality and cultural subjects very important.