The master thesis entitled "The competitive capacity of Spain being influenced by both, the EU cohesive policies and economic crisis" focuses on the relevant factors of Spain's competitive capacity based on its national economy as it was before the economic crisis. While many European countries managed to get back on trail by making use of appropriate interventions in order to consolidate their economies by 2013, Spain was not able to recover in an economic sense. Following this state of affairs, the question arises why Spain could not recover. More specifically, I am tackling the question of whether Spain neglected some crucial factors being essential for a high degree of competitive capacity and as a corollary, being responsible for a stable economic growth as well as an excellent business location. In order to answer that research question, autonomous regions of Spain and their key competitive factors are scrutinized and their influence on the economic growth in terms of the Gross National Product before 2007 is investigated. Besides Spain and its problems, important changes on a European level are considered as well. Among these changes, the enlargement of the EU in the east of Europe and the German Reunification are of great importance. In addition, the currency conversion to Euro and its consequences are considered, as this constitutes the most important macroeconomic factor in 2002. Furthermore, the need of EU financial funds for the development and modernization of Spain are investigated and, relatedly, how these funds influenced the country's competitive capacity.