This master thesis concentrates on a field of art history which has somehow fallen into oblivion: miniature painting, with special focus on portrait miniature. The artist starring this thesis has never been mentioned before in any art history book: Austrian miniaturist Josef Tschiedel junior. Therefore, the main goal of this thesis was to present his life and artwork. The thesis is divided into three chapters: 1) Technique & manner of miniature painting; 2) the artist?s biography; and 3) a comprehensive catalogue of artworks. Empirical data on Tschiedel?s life was collected conducting narrative interviews with relatives & eyewitnesses. This data allowed a detailed, chronological reconstruction of the artist?s life in relation to the historical and political circumstances of the time. The first chapter of this master thesis provides an overview of miniature painting from its genesis to its golden era and finally to its agony. In this context, the most common image carriers (1.1), painting materials (1.2) and the painting process (1.3) are described. Further it is shown how the evolving photography technique at that time started to become an alternative to miniature painting (1.4) and in what way miniaturists used it for their paintings (1.5).Chapter 2 seeks to ?paint a portrait? of Josef Tschiedel j., starting with the artistic and family-related oeuvre (2.1) and continuing with the artist?s biography (2.2). Consequently, the special requirements, order-related miniatures had to fulfill, are discussed taking into consideration the impact of the socio-cultural and political environment on miniature painting as an artistic style (2.3). The third chapter is the catalogue of artworks. Divided into four categories, this catalogue displays not only signed works by Josef Tschiedel j. (3.1), but also includes attributions (3.2), works from the oeuvre (3.3) and designs that are not clearly attributable (3.4). A provisional amount of over 130 artworks have been identified.