This master thesis elaborates on the topic of traffic noise with a focus on implementedcounter measures in the city of Graz (Austria). Noise has established itselfas a major environmental stress factor in urban areas causing various difficulties.Alongside economic and social effects health related aspects gain importance. Goalsof this thesis include the presentation of former and current noise situations in Graz,as well as connecting social and health related aspects to one another. To facilitatethe understanding of traffic noise, a brief introduction to technical fundamentalsof noise pollution and noise in general is given. Important relationships of noise,health, economy and social conditions are explained in detail. From a legal point ofview noise pollution is covered by several laws including the European Union?sEnvironmental Noise Directive. The possibilities of noise counter measures, theirtechnical aspects and effectiveness are discussed.The administration of Graz provides city wide noise measurement maps since1976. Detail levels have increased ever since. Current maps feature distinct recordsfor motor vehicles and electric tramways. A comparison of current maps of and1992 shows that noise levels on major traffic routes did not significantly change.Passive counter measures, such as noise protection walls are limited by the densecity structure and number of street crossings. Proper urban planning and trafficmanagement are required. A shift from motorized individual vehicles to environmentallyfriendly means of transport (like cycling, walking or public transport) is apotential solution in Graz. All results are based on literature research, interviewswith experts and interpretation of map data.