In 2011, Austria introduced a model promoting individual competencies required for science-oriented education at the eighth grade. Among these key competencies, one of the most important is the basic ability to observe. Proper observation is a fundamental scientific working method, a fact that tends to be overlooked. The mere activity of observing is frequently sufficient to gain new insights. In addition, observation is a necessary component of experimenting.In 2011/12, one of the programs of IMST, which is an Austrian assistance program to strengthen innovations in science teaching, "Kompetenzen im mathematischen und naturwissenschaftlichen Unterricht" (specific competencies in mathematics and science teaching) supported five projects promoting especially the students' ability to observe. In this thesis, the implementation in class is analyzed with the help of initial and end reports of participating teachers.How could the capacity for science-oriented observation be better promoted in future? The ultimate part of this thesis contains a collection of documented examples.