The aim of this thesis is the presentation of regional development in the district of Leibnitz as well as elaborating strengths and weaknesses. By a socioeconomic structure analysis, communities of the district are furthermore divided into active and passive spaces.Since, despite its location at the border of Slovenia, the district Leibnitz has developed greatly in terms of economy and population. Today, the economic interrelations between the district Leibnitz and the state capital of Styria (Graz) stand very strong. Slovenia's EU accession contributed to an impressive economic development along the high-level transport corridor. This is why it is projected, that the district will count to the few future demographic growth regions of Styria. Communities around Leibnitz and most communities along the high-level transport network are considered as well developed. On the other hand, less developed communities are located especially in the south and east parts of the district. One particular problem for tourism communities in the south of the district persists: Because of an exodus of population from these areas and, consequently, by neglecting the care of the natural and cultural heritage, the region?s tourism potential becomes increasingly endangered.All regional policy levels are following the same goal, namely the reduction of regional disparities. However, this happens through different means and strategies that attempt to balance economic, social and environmental differences. In this regard, many projects, which serve to further improve the situation in the district Leibnitz, have been realized. The impact of the community structure reform on the district Leibnitz will heavily depend on the cooperation of all affected communities throughout the upcoming years.