Avianus was a Roman poet of fables, whose works differ in many aspects from the poetry of his predecessors in Latin as well as in Greek literature. Particularly in the context of his poetry, the classical fable tradition of morality and indoctrination is secondary to formal-aesthetic aspects. Both medieval and modern research have been criticizing the unusual form of speech, the incomprehensible reminiscences about classical poets as well as the use of the Elegiac couplet, a highly untypical form in fable poetry. Consequently, scholars passed particularly harsh judgement on the divergency of form and content in Avianus' texts, resulting in the fact that analytical preoccupation with Avianus' fable collection is still comparatively recent. The diploma thesis at hand primarily engages with the survey of references to the classical poets Virgil and Ovid, which were at the most intended by the author. The basis of the analysis is the comparison of passages from the 42 fables as well as various works of Latin classicism. Both syntactic and thematic boundary points are subjected to a detailed text analysis. Furthermore, light will be shed on the question what additional value recipients of Avianus' poetry can gain through the knowledge of the classical subtexts, i.e. whether they can actually be dertermined as intertextual references.