The present globalisation goes along with an encounter of different cultures, which leads to the discourse about the “clash” of religions and their ideologies, traditions and laws. In this context, the question appears, whether violence is accordable with religion and what does the historiography tell us about this issue.Huntingtons perception of the “Clash of Civilisations” is going to be used permanently as an argument for the conflicts within the interaction between the western-Christian and the eastern-Islamic dominated culture. The phrases of “Holy War” and “Djihad” serve to describe historical events, as well as, the mutual assignment of guilt. As a historical matter of fact, it must be said that, the religious-political expansion of Christianity and Islam went along with an active transfer of culture the results can still be found in the 21st century.The present thesis deals with the presentation of perception of this contact with the Polish state and shall highlight the history of that interaction. The representatives of these two religions are on one side, the Teutonic Order, and on the other side, the Tatars and the Ottoman Empire. All these actors stayed in contact with Poland for several centuries, so that you can find their influence until the present age.