The aim of this thesis is to analyze the term and concept of copyright fees. To accomplish a comprehensive outline, the first part is concerned with basic principles of the Copyright Act like the concept of the creator, the creations protected by copyright, the single categories of works and in particular the regulation of fair use provisions. Afterwards the central term ?fair compensation? is examined. Hereinafter the historical origin of copyright fees both in the Austrian legal order (Copyright Law, Collecting Societies Law) and European Union Law (Directive 2001/29/EC) and their gradual development are inspected. The following main section deals with the legal regulation of copyright fees de lege lata, starting with the analysis of the European framework in the area of copyright and aspects of Constitutional Law. The further observation is centered on the § 42b Copyright Act and the remuneration for empty storage media and photocopying devices. Subsequently the basis for a claim, the assessment of the remuneration an furhter aspects like payback, the limitation period and the social commitment are checked. Illustrating the current opinion and the case-law the central question is adressed, which storage media and reprographic devices come under the remuneration obligation. Finally, a brief insight into future alternatives like a cultur-flatrate and free licenses is given followed by a short conclusion.