Markus Scholze Bakk.rer.soc.oec.Integration of Roman people in the European UnionIn the frame of this thesis, the focus is directed towards the integration of Roma in the European Union. With a population estimated between 10 and 12 million people, Roma are the largest ethnic minority in Europe. The majority of Roma lives in South Eastern Europe. In many European Member States the integration of Roma is inadequate and ethnic based problems against the Roma are on the daily agenda. Particularly in South Eastern Europe is the social-economic situation of the Roma very bad. Extreme poverty, lack of education, unemployment and discrimination are the main problems today. Many centuries ago, the Roma left their native country India, because of political and economic persecution and migrated in a few stages to Europe. They couldnt establish their own national state in Europe, and so they were forced to look for a place to live and launch their social-economic existence. In the early modern period the migration process was accompanied by social marginalization and social hostility all over Europe. The summit of the discrimination and racism was the holocaust where thousands of Roma have lost their lives.Due to the interaction of exclusion and self-protection the Roma didnt have any great ambitions to integrate themselves into the society and participate at any social structures. For at least one decade the European Union institutions strive increasingly to integrate the Roma in Europe better and improve their situation sustainable. To achieve this, the EU has created a number of measures. But it needs the political intention of the Member States to implement these measures actually.Integration must take place on the part of the EU respectively the Member States, as well as on the part of the Roma themselves, in order to bring a long-term improvement of the Roma situation.