Ever since the terrorist attacks on 11th September 2001 on the World Trade Center in New York and the following war against terror, human rights violations in Afghanistan have become public knowledge. Especially women have been deprived of all their rights during the rule of the Taliban regime. Therefore the USA alongside their allies declared the restoration of women?s rights as one of their central goals.In Afghanistan, women?s rights have always been exposed to rapid changes. While some progressive monarchs decided to codify women?s rights, religious authorities and tribal leaders, fearing to lose their influence, achieved their abolishment with their extreme resistance.To date, Afghanistan has obliged itself to achieve gender equality and to protect its female population not only through its national law but also through various international treaties. Afghanistan is a contracting party of inter alia the CEDAW, the CRC, the ICCPR and the ICESCR, which would allow women a very well protected legal situation. Nevertheless, unbelievable discrimination against women continues to take place in all areas of their lives. A significant contribution to this is made be the country?s still precarious security situation, which is the breeding ground of corruption. This of course affects the judicial system nearly until complete standstill and makes the rule of law impossible. Therefore, Afghanistan?s decision to implement the MDGs until 2020 and not 2015, as well as the introduction of an additional goal, the enhancement of security, seem more than beneficial.When the US combat troops will have left Afghanistan in 2014, a new challenge concerning women?s rights policies will arise for the country. Even if, as now actually is the case, women?s rights are consolidated well legally, their actual implementation and compliance in daily life is necessary in order to improve women?s lives.