Through the revision of the European Union Waste Framework Directive (WFD), the issues of repair and re-use have entered the focus of waste management throughout Europe. Preparation for re-use has been given high priority on the extended Waste Hierarchy, and member states have been obliged to introduce re-use into their waste management strategies. However, for any implementation activities in this area, it is important to have an overlook of the underlying conditions. This paper tries to determine those framework conditions and assess their importance and the presumed impact on existing and planned repair and re-use initiatives. Data is gathered both through an extensive literature research and expanded with a series of short interviews and longer, semi-structured expert interviews. To ensure data quality and plausibility despite it being obtained from multiple differing sources, the author uses the method of data triangulation. In the course of research, the framework conditions are divided into seven major categories: the legal situation, waste considered product (WCP) sources and waste management structures, the socio-economic situation, education, state of the art of repair and re-use, public awareness and public opinions, and the market. Following that, the impact of the individual categories on existing and planned repair and re-use initiatives is discussed. In the conclusion, the overall state of the framework conditions for repair and re-use potentials in Austria is determined. Additionally, there is also a discussion of research limitations in this field and a listing of topics for future research initiatives.