The master thesis is structured in two sections; firstly, the theoretical framework and secondly, the empirical study. In the first part the terminology of literacy and basic education as well the different types and causes of literacy are described. Afterwards, the term migrant people is exemplified and the target group is put in the context of literacy and basic education. Subsequently, the challenges refering to literacy and basic education, for education provider and for migrant people are stated. On the one hand, challenges may occur in the acquisition of the target group (migrant perople) and consideration of ist homogeneity. On the other hand, the migration process in the target country, for instance degradation of competencies and the pressure to learn the German language, can cause difficulties. In this context some course offers for migrant people in Austria are presented, followed by the explanation of professionalization. Moreover, the process for development of quality focussing on literacy and basic education work is discussed. The last chapter of the theoretical part deals with competencies, especially with the challenges of validation, measurement and determination of competencies. The second part of the master thesis describes the purpose of the empirical study, the method and data collection. Lastly, it includes the results of conducted interviews with literacy and bacis education trainers. The results of the interviews are also structured in two parts. Firstly, the labour situation in the literacy and basic education field is depicted and secondly the acquired competencies are listed.