This dissertation thesis analyzes an Austrian region called the Salzkammergut as a ?landscape of resistance?, using a broadly defined concept of resistance against authorities. Showing examples of resistive attitudes in this area, from medieval times to the present, this thesis focuses especially on the resistance movement against the Nazi regime. As inhabitants of an old proto-industrial region of salt mining and processing, the people in the Salzkammergut have always been predominately left-oriented, as far as political views are concerned, developing a special mentality of solidarity and a spirit of resistance. Rather early after the ?Anschluss?, the general attitude towards the regime changed dramatically. Had it been primarily communist resistance (being confronted with savage persecution right from the beginning), political views lost importance over time. These political views have been greatly overestimated in historiography. A feeling of common identity was more important than political concepts, and the strong desire to get rid of this dreadful regime predominated. Furthermore, this thesis describes the numerous myths surrounding the Salzkammergut. There are certain facts and rumours that countless treasures were brought to this region during the war. Now and then, people with metal detectors still stray through the woods, showing that historic constructs and narratives remain very influential.