Aim of the thesis: Analyses of ?Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War? (1866) by Herman Melville. The thesis contributes to a better understanding of the complexity of Melville's character and work.Source material: mostly secondary, hard copy- and electronic form.Structure:Aim of the thesis: Analyses of ?Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War? (1866) by Herman Melville. The thesis contributes to a better understanding of the complexity of Melville's character and work.The thesis is organized into five chapters. Chapter one presents the socio-economic background of the author. Additionally, it provides biographical information as well as the motivation for writing the ?Battle-Pieces?. Finally, the chapter suggests authors and works that might have influenced Melville's poetic style. The second chapter analyses the discourse of ?Battle-Pieces?. Does it adhere to genres such as Classicism or Naturalism? What is the overall structure of the poems? Are they thematically grouped, or do they follow a linear dramatic pattern? In how far does Melville implement his own ideas, and where does he present ideas of others? Do the poems feature a fictitious consciousness, and if so, does it evolve with the progression of the action? Finally, the second chapter deals with the imagery of the ?Battle-Pieces?.Part three delves into the larger ideas of Melville's poetry, namely philosophy, religion and technology. Part four compares ?Battle-Pieces? with Walt Withman's ?Drum-Taps?, and by doing so provides answers for Melville's critical and commercial failure as an author of poetry.The final chapter deals with the portrayal of violence, i.e. War, and slavery in the ?Battle-Pieces?.