In German-speaking countries the tango argentino was established around 1910, and in the following years its importance as a genre of light music increased. The first part of this master thesis is a systematical analysis of the repertory of tangos published between 1910 and 1940. It serves as basis to understand its reception in Germany and Austria. This repertory is analyzed regarding its composers, tango compositions, instrumentation, and the appearance of tangos in large-scale works. It is demonstrated how the Argentinian tango had been adapted to fulfill the requirements in the aforementioned countries.In the 1920s jazz was one source of inspiration to increase the stylistic possibilities of contemporary music. Despite its Argentinian background, the tango was one of the jazz dances of that era and therefore it is included in many jazz-inspired compositions. The second part is an analysis of tangos for piano written by Erwin Schulhoff, Bohuslav Martin?, Wilhelm Grosz and Stefan Wolpe. It is shown which musical elements of the tango had been used in these works, and the different ways to work with the musical material are demonstrated.