This dissertation especially focuses on school and education during the reign of National Socialism and shall reveal that school was one of the most important tools of the national socialist regime to impose their ideology on the youth. Additionally the conditions of education of the time and their dramatic consequences will be analyzed in greater detail. Moreover, this dissertation will show and elucidate the worldview, goals and values of the national socialist education apparatus. Along these lines the gender-specific education of boys and girls will be described and differences and similarities explained. In that respect, the changes in curricula and the restructuring of specific syllabuses are of special relevance. Science-oriented subjects, such as biology or mathematics, were partly misused and restructured, as knowledge in general and scientific working did not take an important role in National Socialism. The main focus of this dissertation, however, lies on the mountain-village elementary school Noreia. Noriea, also known as St.Margarethen am Silberberg, is a little village in upper-styria, mostly known for its Celtic and Roman discoveries. The example of this school shows that the National Socialist ideology was even established in the smallest villages and relations of education ? no matter where ? were structured very similarly. The idea of National Socialism prevailed mercilessly and coined the urban and sub-urban population equally. Not only in Vienna, Berlin or other big cities of the German Reich people lived with national socialist ideology, but also in segregated areas people became victims of the regime. As far as the following analysis is concerned, the teaching methods, everyday life in school and the general procedures in the elementary school Noreia are exemplified by the help of a school chronicle and interviews with contemporary witnesses.