This work deals with the age - specific use of narrative structures in children with abnormal language development. In an introductive chapter, the subject "specific language impairment" is illlustrated. Then, an overview of different theoretic approaches concerning narratives is given. In the next chapter, the development of narrative structures in children who show typical language acquisition is displayed. The attention is directed to the investigation of narrative competence which took place in Graz (Vollmann et al. 2010). Afterwards, the use of narrative structures in language impaired children is approached. The study realised in the context of this thesis examines the use of narratives structures of 13 language impaired children at the age between 04;0,00 and 05;11,30 years. The task for the children who were chosen due to specific criteria, was to narrate pictures stories. The basis for the analysis was Labov and Waletzky's (1973) concept of narrative structures, in a slightly modified pattern. In addition to this, the complexity of the children's narrations, the influence of caretaker - utterances and the syntactic structures produced by the children were investigated. The findings were compared to those of the children from the study in Graz showing typical language development (Bartl 2010): the narrations of the language - impaired group were much poorer in terms of the used narrative structures, compared to the group showing typical language development. The narrations of the children with language impairment older than 5 years lack nearly completely the complication, the resolution, the internal response and the evaluation.