This master thesis examines and compares the family and the school life situation as well as the job perspectives of secondary school students (Hauptschüler) with and without migration background in Austria. The empirical research is based on the career choice theory of Elmar Lange. According to Lange, career choice is a process, which is affected by three interaction situations: family, school and career guidance. 180 students (aged from 13 to 16 years) from secondary schools in Graz were asked to fill out a standardized questionnaire. Contrary to my hypothesis, students with migration background get more support from their parents in regard to school and career choice. Accordingly, the former also have a better school performance and higher aspirations for their future. This surprising result can be explained by the fact that parental support, school performance and career aspirations depend strongly on the family background: Austrian students grow up much more frequently in unstable and incomplete families than students with migration background. Juveniles rarely choose teachers as contact persons for questions about training and job. Also the school subject ?Berufsorientierung? is predominantly bad judged by the pupils. Generally there is a huge backlog demand concerning the career guidance at least in those schools which took part in this study. The job wishes of the students are very traditional and gender-specific. Boys mainly choose technical jobs, whereas girls? favourites are service occupations and welfare. Regarding their educational goal there is a major difference between students with and without migration background. In comparison to students without migration background who predominantly choose traineeship as their next educational step, students with migration background aim to be accepted at ?Höherbildende Schule?. Noticeable thereby is the comparatively large number of pupils with migration background who don?t plan any further education at all.