The thesis addresses the proportion of the lives and the works of psychoanalyst/philosopher Jacques Lacan, philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty and philosopher Theodor W. Adorno with reference to their receptions and appropriations of Sigmund Freud?s psychoanalysis. As dramaturgical main thread serves Lacan?s wording of a so called return to Freud. Corresponding to that return the thesis makes a start with its first main part, Merleau-Ponty at the limits of phenomenology, and addresses the philosopher?s confrontation with topics of corporeity and language. After that an analysis of Merleau-Ponty?s efforts towards a phenomenological concept of the unconscious leads to main part II, Lacan and psychoanalysis. On the one hand argued is Lacan?s nearness to Merleau-Ponty, which especially takes shape following Lacans? confrontations with Martin Heidegger, Georg W. F. Hegel and Sigmund Freud; on the other hand argued is Lacan?s nearness to Walter Benjamin?s philosophy of difference. Main part III, Adorno at the limits of psychoanalysis, addresses the extraordinary opponent of the latter position. Explained is the development of Adorno?s philosophy already in the 1920ies and 30ies, his confrontation with Benjamin and his nearness to Merleau-Ponty. After that the consequence of critical theory is reconstructed as a so called aesthetic theory, which actually ?means? a kind of deconstruction of transcendental philosophy, although it?s to remember, that at least Adorno?s deconstruction makes its start in transcendental philosophy and so far would not be without it.