The contemporary perception of dying and death represents less and less a sudden event. Death regularly forms part of conscious decision-making, also due to limitations of technical possibilities. This thesis focuses on the topic of thanatology. First of all, an analysis of the demographic changes in Austria is debated with special focus on the age structure, which has a remarkable effect on the social system in general and on social institutions in particular. Moreover, an insight into the evolution of doctor-patient interaction is delivered with special emphasis on the principle-based ethics of Beauchamp and Childress, as well as on the shared decision-making model. Medical-technical advances allow for an accurate / more accurate definition of death. One goal of this thesis is the psychological analysis of theories and attitudes of affected people towards dying and death. One goal is, furthermore, the discussion of the model of fear and the dying process itself. Possibilities of a ?good way to die? are compared to euthanasia and terminal care, as well as to palliative and hospice care. Different forms of a person?s declaration of/ declaring the intent regarding his own death will be defined as well.The critical analysis of media coverage illustrates, among other things, that children and young people, in general, encounter dying and death very early, however, in a completely different form than in the past. The school as a place providing learning of science and of value transfer has the duty to address and realize this issue adequately. Based upon these theories more practical-oriented educational lesson tables were designed, presented in class and evaluated by means of a questionnaire. From a students point of view the results show that dealing with the subject of dying and death in school is considered as positive and meaningful.