The rise of the English landscape garden began in the first quarter of the 18th century at the time of a new political situation and a changed understanding of nature. Its development went through many phases, each of which was characterized by a landscaper, the most important of which were William Kent who was one of the originators, followed by William Chambers and later Humphry Repton.From the middle of the century, the English landscape garden spread to the continent. The first Austrian parks originated in Salzburg - where the senior clergy initiated the landscaping - and in the Vienna area. The Alpine landscape was cleverly integrated into the garden or was used as a panorama. The staffages were simple and usually made of wood; the element of water played an important role and waterfalls, in particular, were popular. In the Vienna area, park owners came from the upper class and later the imperial family also took part in the new garden movement. There was a variety of garden types, however, the jardin anglo-chinois with its exoticism was the most common. The castle gardens of the imperial palace of Laxenburg were created in several phases and became Austria?s most eminent landscape park. It developed around the baroque hunting ground and was gradually enlarged - the ponds with the knight?s precinct became the romantic highlight and marked the end of the enlargement of the Laxenburg park.The conclusion of this thesis is that although Austrian garden culture was based on the English model, specific characteristics were also developed.