From the 70s of the 20th century up to today a numerous amount of books has been published, which describe the relationship between fathers and their sons ? the so-called ?Väterbücher? (father books).In this paper I will investigate the question of the father?s impact on the development of the identity of next generation(s) based on the analysis of socio- and developmental-psychological, cultural anthropological, as well as socio cultural secondary literature.The academic objective is to reveal the development of father-son relationships of generations of the 20th century, furthermore, to analyse common features as well as differences of family ties. Has the role of a father as the patriarchic head of the family and educator become obsolete, like Alexander Mitscherlich is stating in his publication from 1963 with the title ?Auf dem Weg zur vaterlosen Gesellschaft?? Have the media and western capitalism replaced the father as a teacher and role model?The intention and motive of the writing of descendants as their sign of dealing with the situations regarding their fathers, many of whom have died in World War II or have remained shell-shocked and unapproachable, disapprove of Mitscherlich?s theory. The novels discussed were published at different times and they all prove a certain need of the father to develop a stable identity in front of his sons ? and vice versa.Also the ?new fathers?, who had to fight an identity conflict due to an altering gender role, emancipation, and the male parental leave, are profiting from the involvement of their children. This shows that the genre of ?father literature? is not a side issue of literary history, but it is one of the main topics in the field of the search for identity of the society of the 20th and 21st centuries, and it will be much longer.