Due to the rapid approach of the Soviet troops and the intensification of the air raids of the Allies, women and children were evacuated in Graz on 30 March 1945. Additionally there were evacuation orders in other Eastern Styrian towns and cities from March 28 to April 1, 1945, but in many cases, these did not reach all people. Escape movements towards Upper Styria continued to exist until the surrender of the "Third Reich".The Reichsstelle für Raumordnung came up with plans for the evacuation executions, which had to be approved by the respective Reich Defense Commissioners. The Nationalsozi-alistische Volkswohlfahrt (NSV) and (in Graz) the Nationalsozialistische Kraftfahrkorps (NSKK) were responsible for the transport, the NSV also had to take care of the people, food and short-term quarters. Particular municipalities provided long-term accommodation. In ad-dition, there was the ‘Verwandtenhilfe, which allowed being accommodated by relatives and acquaintances. Gaupropagandaämter were responsible for an orderly evacuation and compli-ance with the requirements. The number of evacuations deviating from the plan increased drastically in the last months of the war, so that most of the civilians organized their escapes by themselves.Among the motives to flee were the fear of the war itself, possible reprisals such as vio-lent acts, rape and plunder by the soldiers of the Red Army, as well as the fear of the NSDAP-members and other national socialists of a more ruthless execution than expected by British or American occupiers. At the end of the Second World War there were more than 100,000 refugees in Upper Styria, about 40 of them were accommodated in the Castle Gstatt in the Enns-valley. The ma-jority of the fugitives returned either shortly after May 9, when the war was over, or after the withdrawal of the Soviet occupation on July 24, 1945.