This diploma thesis deals with the history of the royal animal husbandry. Based on the question of whether there is a relationship between humans and animals and how this is expressed, I try to describe the purpose and type of animal husbandry at various times in history (from ancient times to the early 20th century) using selected examples, especially focusing on the menageries of the Habsburg. The main part of this paper deals with the history and foundation of the menagerie of Schönbrunn, established in 1752 by Francis Stephen of Lorraine, from 1745 Emperor Francis I., and its transformation into a zoological garden. As I will argue, the function and design of animal husbandry were considerably influenced by social change that took place in these centuries, which is reflected in the life stock and architecture of the animal enclosures. I will also discuss the special status of Schönbrunn and the changing view on animals in the light of Darwinism. Thus, this paper shows that Schönbrunn's transformation from an absolutistic baroque representational building to a modern zoo is a manifestation of social and scientific change.