Stress does not only play an important role for adults; today stress is also prevalent in the life of children. Current studies show that even children at primary school level give accounts of stress situations and stress symptoms. With increasing levels of stress, the risk of health problems also increases.This masters thesis predominantly deals with the description of how children at primary school level deal with stress, and it outlines the possibilities of stress prevention and stress management. In particular, reference is made to the contribution that the parental home and school can make, and it will be shown how the stress management skills of children can be strengthened. The intention is to gain a deeper understanding of stress in childhood. The results should serve as a basis for offering children a more solid support with regards to stress.The topic is analysed by means of qualitative research from the perspective of children, parents and teachers, using interviews centred on the problems and that are based on guidelines. The data are evaluated by means of the qualitative content analysis of Mayring.The results show that in childhood, pressure from school and the parental home dominate the occurrence of stress. However, parents and teachers are also an important source of social support for children. On the one hand, they can reassure and support children in acute stress situations, and on the other hand, they can contribute to stress prevention by creating an environment in which children grow up well-protected, feel accepted and appreciated, and in which their age-appropriate needs are taken into consideration. Fostering the stress management skills of children means strengthening their self-confidence, assigning them demanding and responsible tasks, and showing them trust in their own ability to fulfil the related demands appropriately.