This master's thesis deals with Elfriede Jelinek's play "Was geschah, nachdem Nora ihren Mann verlassen hatte oder Stützen der Gesellschaften". The main focus lies on "masochism", which plays a main role in this play. The term "masochism" was coined by the Austrian author Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, who described this phenomenon in his books even before it was scientifically researched. "Masochism" describes the gain of sexual satisfaction by corporal or mental punishment. Masochists completely obey others and agree to debase themselves. The first part of this thesis deals with "masochism". The reasons and the different forms of masochism are described. Moreover, the phenomenon of sexual slavery is discussed. In this case, individuals do anything in order not to lose their loved ones. In the second part of this thesis, the theoretical knowledge of ?masochism? is applied to Jelinek's play, thereby proving that the form of masochism shown by Torvald Helmer is in fact a mixture of many different forms of masochism. He encorporates elements of the feminine masochism, the moral, the physical and the mental masochism. Another focus of this chapter is the question why Jelinek chose this topic for her play. Many possible answers are introduced and discussed. Additionally, Jelinek's play is compared to the play on which it is based, Henrik Ibsen's "Nora (Ein Puppenheim)". The characters are analyzed in both Ibsen's and Jelinek?s plays. It becomes apparent that Elfriede Jelinek has written an extraordinarily realistic sequel of Ibsen's play. It is neither too optimistic, as Ernst Bruun Olsen's "Wo ging Nora hin?", in which Nora was able to integrate into society without problems, nor is Nora returning to her husband, as in Esther Vilar's "Helmer oder ein Puppenheim. Variation über ein Theater von Henrik Ibsen".