The thesis at hand deals with the implementation of and the approach to economic, social and cultural rights in the African human rights system. The most relevant human rights treaty in this context ? the African Charter on Human and Peoples? Rights ? and its characteristics and peculiarities compared to other treaties of this sort are shown and discussed. The African Charter on Human and Peoples? Rights is widely known for being the first international human rights treaty which protects all three categories of human rights in a single document without any distinction regarding their justiciabilty or implementation. At the same time, only a relatively small number of economic, social and cultural rights can be found in the Charter. Certain rights, which are of particular importance for Africa, e.g. the rights to water and sanitation, food, shelter or social security are not included explicitly in the Charter. Institutions charged with monitoring and implementation of economic, social and cultural rights are the African Commission on Human and Peoples? Rights, the African Committee on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the African Court on Human and Peoples? Rights as well as the African Peer-Review Mechanism. The focus of this thesis lies on the African Commission on Human and Peoples? Rights, which constitutes the most significant institution in this area, and its case law. The Commission stated, inter alia, that the rights to water and sanitation, food, shelter and social security are protected by the African Charter on Human and Peoples? Rights, even though an explicit provision is lacking from the said Charter. However, through consideration of the African Commission on Human and Peoples? Rights? judicature it becomes evident, that the number of decisions regarding violations of civil and political rights is significantly higher than those concerning economic, social and economic rights and that their implementation in Africa is insufficient.