The following diploma thesis deals with the brain-friendly learning technique invented by Tony Buzan commonly referred to as Mind-Mapping. The main aim of this work is to determine to what extent and how mind maps can and should be used in (foreign) language teaching. In order to accomplish this aim, several possible applications of Mind Maps are demonstrated and illustrated. The introductory chapters of this diploma thesis lead into the topic and deal with, the history of brain research, its hypotheses, and the physiology of the brain. Furthermore, different opinions in neurodidactics and neuropedagogics are discussed. In the context of creativity, which is concerned to be an aspect of brain-friendly learning, techniques of creativity ? brainstorming and clustering ? are reviewed. However, throughout the diploma thesis, the main focus is on the technique of Mind Mapping. Thus, the difficulty of commonly linear written records, the advantages of Mind Maps and the rules for drawing a Mind Map are included in the discussion.