In the research at hand, the impact of gender and gender role self-concept (GRS) on cognitive-avoiding stress coping was investigated. In addition to the Mainz Coping Inventory (MCI), the instrument of the verbal-autonomic response dissociation (VARD) was used to classify cognitive-avoiding and vigilant coping. In the course of the heart rate based verbal-autonomic response dissociation, z-transformed physiological difference values were related to subjective-experienced difference values (negative affect). From these values, one response dissociation value was generated. The 121 test persons underwent a laboratory experiment, in which they had to face a social-evaluative stressor (holding a speech). Cardiovascular reactivity (heart rate) was traced at three different measuring times (baseline, preparation, speech) by ECG. As opposed to women, men reached higher values in cognitive avoidance (in self-worth threatening situations) ? measured by means of the Mainz Coping Inventory. Furthermore, the impact of gender-role-self-concept on cognitive avoidance in self-worth threatening situations became visible. While the dimensions of cognitive avoidance correlated negatively with the expressiveness/femininity scale, there was a positive relation with the positive instrumentality/masculinity scale. A contrary pattern showed at the dimensions of vigilance. While gender differences as well as correlations in the gender role self-concept could be investigated in the Mainz Coping Inventory, the heart rate based VARD did not prove to be a suitable instrument.