Since the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, mankind wishes to be back in paradise. With a garden, one can create one's own 'small paradise'. At all times, gardens have had an influence on humans, being ever since a fundamental factor of cultural development. Allotments are part of the diversity of gardens. In the 19th century, the era of the industrial revolution, many people moved towards cities and metropolises. As time went on, the so-called 'allotment-movement' evolved out of social circumstances. In the city of Graz, the allotment-movement can be accounted for over a hundred years. The 'garden-construction-movement', initiated by Archduke Johann, accomplished valuable economic and ecologic spadework in orcharding and market gardening, which was enormously important for the overall development of allotments. The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate the 'garden-construction-movement' and the pooling into allotment-associations since 1907 with the help of archival sources. An essential aspect is, that allotments cause to bring a variety in the urban environment and co-shape townscape. Besides modern constructions, a healthy environment is extremely important. The importance of gardens has changed essentially during the last century. In economically difficult times, gardens have a higher significance, as they can assure food supply and provide a place for recreation and social activities. For children, life in nature represents enormous advantages. They learn how to live with nature and are able to see how plants grow and wherefrom vegetables and fruits come. Living together on a small area is an important social factor. Not only adults, but also children and teenagers experience social integration. Nowadays, gardening is trendy again and is seen as a useful and satisfying hobby.