This thesis aims to analyze the limits of the freedom of expression in a political discourse. Thus, a short overview of the legal-historical development of the freedom of speech is given and basic principles of this fundamental right are discussed as well as simple law regulations like the right to protection of reputation and honour. Moreover, the impact of the public discussion on a democratic society as well as the judicial norms ?public figure? and ?public interest? will be covered. On the basis of these criteria, it shall be investigated to which extent the protection granted under Article 10 of the ECHR is given concerning both, statements by politicians towards minorities and political opponents such as utterances about politicians by the media. A comparison between the Austrian judiciary and the jurisdiction of the ECHR shall help to explain the frequently occurring convention infringement on the behalf of Austria. Eventually, the question, if further convictions are likely or if the ordinary courts are taken yet sufficient account to decisive criteria, are discussed.