This master thesis examines the role of the crime novel in three works of contemporary Latin American fiction: ?El enigma de París? by Pablo de Santis, ?La neblina del ayer? by Leonardo Padura Fuentes and ?Muertos incómodos (falta lo que falta)? by Paco Ignacio Taibo II and Subcomandante Marcos. First, the focus lies on the characteristics of the two traditional subgenres of crime fiction, namely the Whodunit and the hard-boiled novel. These two subgenres of crime fiction with their characteristics are at the basis of the following deviations from the traditional pattern of crime novels. From the middle of the last century onwards a rise in hybrid novels has been observed. These novels cannot be assigned to a single subgenre, but are characterized by a combination of elements from different genres which are deconstructed and used to convey new meanings. Special attention will be paid to these varieties of the crime novel in the theoretical examination of 'anti-detective novels' and 'Literatura Antipolitical' as well as in the subsequent analysis of the three works of contemporary fiction mentioned above. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the question of the development of an independent Latin American crime fiction genre in the context of (post)colonial heritage. Such a discussion from the point of literary theory is necessary due to the former marginal status of crime fiction originating from Latin America. As mentioned earlier, the examination of ?El enigma de París?, ?La neblina del ayer? and ?Muertos incómodos (falta lo que falta)? regarding the use of typical elements of the crime novel genre is the main topic of this thesis. At the centre of attention are the transgression of traditional genre structures and their adaption to discuss a variety of topics such as coming to terms with the past, the search for identity and marginalisation. Following the analysis, the main similarities and differences will be summarized.