The situation and the development of the German minority in the Baltic States compared with that of the ?Siebenbürgen? in Romania.A historic analysis of the German settlements in the Baltic States and of the ?Siebenbürgen? settlements in Romania from the eve of the first World War up until the present, considering the political, social, cultural, demographic and economic circumstances. Besides analysing the literature the author also uses interviews with witnesses of that time and his own reminiscences. The results comprise the following:1) The German minority in the Baltis Staes formed privileged lutherian leading classes in a multiethnic environment. Their socioeconomic and political influence was inverse to their number. They possessed their own representative self-governments.2) The ?siebenbürgisch?-saxon society mainly consisted of a great number of independent farmers and craftsmen and a bourgois-aristocratic elite. The German Baltics were a bourgois-aristocratic elite.3) As a resut of resettlements and migrations, German minorities hardly exist nowadays.