The theme of this work is the delicate and sensitive subject of ?the revocation of child custody after suspected abuse?. The introduction provides explanations of the terms custody and the justification for custody, in order to address the issue of the revocation of custody. The central issue of children?s rights is without exception the child?s welfare, this being a common thread throughout all legal matters and, as opposed to parental custodial rights, has absolute priority. A threat to the child?s well-being through sustained abuse is a violation which incurs prohibition of force. This ban prohibits all unreasonable or harmful treatment to the child. Cases in which child sexual abuse is suspected, but where there is no reasonable evidence to support this, pose a particular challenge to family courts. This raises the question of the immediate removal of the child from its family environment as a prerequisite for its own protection. Therefore, this work will identify the problem area which occurs when on the one hand the fundamental right to protect family life exists, and on the other hand the need to remove the child from family custody arises, whereby the focus will be on judicial decrees. Essential procedural issues, as well as the issue of juvenile courts and the instruments at their disposal will be taken up. Subsequently, the possibility of the reassignment of custody and the consequences of the revocation of custody will be dealt with. Furthermore, the role of institutions and aid organisations, their significance concerning the prevention of child abuse and their intervention on behalf of children?s rights, as well as doctor?s disclosure obligations will be looked at.