The present master thesis deals with the developments in the field of the protection against violence that have occurred in recent years. At the international level, the judgment delivered on Micallef v. Malta has led to a change in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, in terms of the applicability of Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights. At a national level, the author highlights certain developments that have taken place in Austria as well as in Germany. As an example, the Second Protection against Violence Act led to a stronger protection of victims and to the adoption of § 382e of the Austrian Enforcement of (Civil) Judgments Act. With reference to §§ 382e and 382g of that same Act, protection periods have been extended and provisions taken to allow for the extension of these terms, in the event of an infringement. Based on a short review of these legal innovations, the author analyzes the Supreme Court?s new judicature. An amendment to the Austrian Domestic Relations Law, the adoption of which has been planned for the year 2012, which considers joint custody as the norm, may possibly lead to an increase in problems related to violence. In Germany, existing regulatory mechanisms were considered to be inadequate and were thus replaced, under the influence of its Austrian counterpart, by a new Violence Protection Act, with §§ 1 to 4 forming that law?s core. However, the law?s implementation has disclosed several flaws, in the ensuing years, especially in terms of the splitting of competences and responsibilities between courts and the fact that temporary orders may be subject to the main proceedings. These flaws have since been remedied by the Act on Family Law Procedures. Following an explanation of these innovations, the author then examines a number of judgments passed by regional higher courts. Finally, the author discusses the main differences and similarities between the two legal systems.