Violence experienced by women and men in their nuclear family has an impact on the present violent behaviour in adulthood and later on the persistence of violence in relationships. Between the 1960s and 1970s the women?s movement could achieve the first legal changes in the area of family law. For the first time violence against women has been discussed publicly; shelters and child protection centres were founded.This master thesis is introduced by a literature review on the relationship between the concepts of violence and homeless. Furthermore the causes and consequences of violence are discussed together with possible support services for those affected. In the subsequent empirical part of the work the social situation of 66 homeless people in Vienna, of which 31 were female and 35 male, is assessed by using a quantitative questionnaire survey structured as personal interviews. Selected questions are compared with the results of a study from the Austrian regions Salzburg, Lower Austria and Styria. The results show a deficit situation of homeless people in the area of individual and social resources. Every other homeless woman has been a victim of violence in early childhood, more than one third of these women turned towards another violent situation in adulthood, and most of the attacks came from husbands or partners. The results are statistically significant. For men, however, no relevant differences concerning violence experiences in childhood and adulthood could be identified. Although in numerous studies in the literature reported about the relationship between conflict in nuclear family and loss of existence, no significant correlations, neither women nor men, could be found by this study. As support services for victims of violence are taken very seldom used, social policy should pay especially more attention to homeless men and women exposed the violence of their partners, in order to avoid further discrimination against socially disadvantaged women.