The performance of gymnastic exercises on a horseback is called vaulting. The main criterion is harmony between the horse and the acrobat. Additionally to the own coordination, vaulting demands a permanent adjustment to the horse?s movements. In free style programs in groups, a perfect accord is furthermore needed between the group members. The concrete required coordinative skills of specific compulsory exercises have been evaluated by a coordinative-requirement-regulator concerning the skills of balance, differentiation, linking, orientation, reaction, switching and rhythm. The free style program has been analysed with the same instrument. Actually all coordinative skills are challenged, although the balance skill represents the most important of them as it is a precondition for every exercise on horseback. Even the rhythm ability is not to be underestimated, as it is critical for the harmony of the movements between the acrobat(s) and the horse.For training the required coordinative skills, different games and exercises can be used on the ground, on the ?barrel? horse and on the horseback. For the purpose of a goal-directed, effective and individual realization of the methodical activities, a set of general and vaulting specific principles have to be respected. The variation of the exercises is really important as it enables a diversified and challenging coordinative schooling.The performance of complex exercises on a moving object, which has to be treated and respected as a living creature, challenges and encourages every human being in a very particular and at the same time integral way.