The paper at hand deals with the European Court of Human Rights? jurisprudence concerning LGBT rights and its effects on Austria. In chapter 1, an explanation of the term LGBT, which stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans (Transgender and Transsexuality), is given. Chapter 2 deals with the European Convention on Human Rights, especially with the relevant articles concerning LGBT rights (Article 8, 12 and 14 ECHR and Protocol 12 to the Convention). This chapter also deals with legal consequences and effects of the jurisprudence of the ECHR for the involved parties as well as for the other member states of the Convention. Chapter 3 provides an analysis of numerous judgements relevant to the change in the ECHR?s jurisprudence concerning homosexuality. The judgements are subdivided into and discussed according to the following topics: criminal law against homosexuals (total ban criminalisation, provisions of the law concerning age of consent), discrimination against homosexuals at work as well as against homosexual couples as far as tenancy and social law are concerned, and jurisprudence concerning parental rights, adoption (single person adoption and adoption of stepchild(ren)), marriage and registration of homosexual partnerships. Chapter 4 describes the ECHR?s jurisprudence concerning transsexuals, especially in the areas of gender reassignment and assumption of costs, recognition of the new gender and the right to marry. Chapter 5 deals with Austrian law on homosexuality and transsexuality, particularly with regard to the jurisprudence of the ECHR.